Privacy Commmissioner Announces New “Re-Framed” Consultation on Transborder Data Flows

In a further development in the on again/off again transborder data flows consultation, the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada (“OPC”) has announced it is on again.

The OPC made the announcement on June 11, 2019 and characterized this new consultation as a “re-framing” of the prior, withdrawn one. Our commentary on the on again/off again process can be found here, here and here.

The OPC said it had decided to change its approach to consultation in light of the publication by the federal government of its Digital Charter on May 21, 2019 which suggested to the OPC that “transborder data flows may be dealt with in an eventual new federal privacy law.”

The OPC is inviting stakeholder views both on how the current law should be interpreted and applied in these contexts, and on how a future law should provide effective privacy protection in the context of transfers for processing.

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UK Draft Code for Children’s Privacy has Broad Scope, Could Influence Canadian Approach

Children’s privacy is increasingly in the regulatory spotlight, and a new consultation paper from the UK suggests that even organizations which do not specifically target children may have regulatory obligations. Canada doesn’t currently specifically regulate children’s privacy, but in light of the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada’s (“OPC”) recent Guidelines for Obtaining Meaningful Consent (“Meaningful Consent Guidelines”), the OPC may take a similarly broad approach to the interpretation and application of privacy laws.

UK Information Commissioner’s Approach

On May 31, 2019, the UK’s Information Commissioner’s Office (“ICO”) wrapped up a month and a half long public consultation on its draft Age appropriate design code of practice (“Code of Practice”).

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Court of Appeal Clarifies Limitations Period in Alberta Privacy Actions

On May 12, 2019, the Alberta Court of Appeal released a decision from a summary dismissal application that should resolve any confusion that may have arisen at the crossroads of that province’s limitations act and its privacy legislation, the Personal Information Protection Act, SA 2003, c P-6.5 (“PIPA”).

In Alberta, in order to have a cause of action related to a privacy breach claim, claimants must first go before the Office of the Information  and Privacy Commissioner of Alberta (“AB OIPC”) and obtain a final order against an organization. Only then does a claimant have a cause of action against the organization for damages for loss or injury that the individual has suffered as a result of the breach by the organization.

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Privacy Commissioner Withdraws Transborder Consultation, Suggests Proactive Audits

On May 22, 2019, the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada (“OPC”) held its annual forum in Toronto, Ontario. Federal Commissioner Daniel Therrien headed the annual forum along with his provincial counterparts Jill Clayton, the Information and Privacy Commissioner of Alberta, and Michael McEvoy, the Information and Privacy Commissioner of British Columbia.

The forum provides the OPC with an opportunity to update practitioners and stakeholders on current and upcoming privacy matters as well provides an opportunity to discuss and share perspectives. Not surprisingly, the topic of transborder data flows dominated the discussion. Here are three key takeaways from the forum.

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New “Digital Charter” Hints at Data Portability, Digital Identity, and Penalties

The federal government announced a new “digital charter” today, emphasizing Canadians’ control over their own personal information and hinting at a “strong enforcement” regime aimed at global internet companies that violate privacy laws.

The digital charter does not have the power of law, but is rather “set of principles that all government policy and legislation will be measured against.” There is no time left in the current federal government’s mandate to reform existing privacy laws and the charter is a halfway measure, signalling to Canadians, and to social media and internet companies especially, that change is coming and what that change might look like.

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Privacy Commissioner Extends Deadline for Transborder Data Flow Consultation

The Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada (“OPC”) has announced it will now be accepting comments related to its consultation on transborder data flows until Friday, June 28, 2019.

The discussion document, which was released on April 9, 2019 (see our blog post here, and our blog post about the OPC’s supplemental consultation paper here) reflected a reversal in the OPC’s twenty-year-old policy position on transborder data flows under the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (“PIPEDA“).

The OPC has indicated that it intends to provide guidance on disclosures for processing and related consent and accountability requirements.

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Certification of Breach Class Action Denied in Absence of Provable Losses, Commonality

On May 7, 2019, Justice Belobaba denied the motion for certification in the class action brought against Casino Rama relating to a 2016 data breach (Kaplan v. Casino Rama, 2019 ONSC 2025). Despite having five representatives, the plaintiffs were unable to show provable losses, which significantly hampered their case. What was ultimately fatal to the motion, however, was the lack of commonality, leading Justice Belobaba to remark:

The problem here, with almost all of the [proposed common issues (“PCI”)], is that there is no basis in fact for either the existence of the PCI or its overall commonality or both.

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